19.04.1996 N 7 " - -96"

:

: 10 11

     Si       ()                  
                    , , ,     
                                              
                               +2   +2   +2   +3   +3        
      P        Zn,  Sn,  Mg,  Fe,  Bi         
                                                  
                                              
        S                         
                      Sr, Ba, Ge, Sn, Pb, As, Sb, Bi,
                     Ag, Cu, Au, Zn, Cd, Hg, Mo, W           
                      Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra, As, Sb, Bi     
                                              
        Cl        H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr   
                                              
       K                                  
     Ca                                 
     Sc                                 
       Ti      SrTiO                                   
                          3                                  
                    , , , ,
                                                      
                                              
     V       , , ,  
                                              
        Cr      ,                       
                    ,                      
                                              
    Mn      , , ,  
                                              
      Fe      , ,           
                                              
     Co      , , ,  
                                              
      Ni      , ,              
                                              
        Cu      ,                       
                    , ,            
                                
        Zn                                 
      Ga      , , , ,
                                                      
                                              
    Ge      , ,             
                                              
      As                                 
       Se                       
                                
        Br        H, Li, Na, , Rb, Cs, Fr   
                                              
     Rb                                 
    Sr      SiTO                                    
                         3                                   
                                              
      Y                                         
                                              
    Zr    M                                    
                    , , ,  
                                              
      Nb      ,                       
                                              
    Mo      , , MoS                 
                                            2                
                                              
    Tc      , , ,  
                                              
     Ru      , ,               
                                                  
       Rh      ,                       
                                                  
                                              
    Pd      ,                       
                    ,                      
                                              
     Ag      ,                       
                    ,                        
                                              
      Cd      ,                       
                    , ,            
                                              
       In      , , ,  
                                              
       Sn      , , , - 
                     , ,                      
                                              
      Sb      , , ,         
                     , ,              
                                              
            , ,              
                                              
         I                                  
       Cs                                 
       Ba                                 
      La      ,                       
                                              
       Ce      , ,              
                                              
   Pr      , , ,      
                                              
      Nd      , , ,     
                                              
    Pm      , , ,     
                                              
     Sm                                 
     Eu                                 
   Gd       , ,   
                     ,                      
                                              
      Tb                                 
    Dy                                 
     Ho                                 
       Er                                 
       Tm                                 
    Yb      , ,              
                                              
     Lu      , ,              
                                              
      Hf      , , , ,
                                                      
                                              
             , , ,
                     , , ,    
                                              
    W                                  
                                         
       Re      , , ,  
                                              
       Os      ,                       
                    ,                      
                                              
     lr      ,                       
                    , ,        
                                                      
                                              
     Pt                                 
      Au      ,                       
                    ,                      
                                              
       Hg      , , , ,
                                                     
                    ,         
      Tl                                 
      Pb                                 
      Bi                                       
                                              
     Po      , ,              
                                              
       At        H, Li, Na, , Rb, Cs, Fr   
                                              
     Fr                                 
       Ra                                 
     Ac      ,                       
                    ,                      
                                              
       Th      ,                       
                                              
-   Pa      ,                       
                                           
        U       UF , UO F , UO (NO ) ,                  
                       6    2 2    2   3 2                   
                    UO , UF , UCl                           
                       3    4     4                          
                    UO , U O                                
                       2   3 8                               
    Np                                 
    Pu      ,                       
                                  
    Am                                 
       Cm                                 
     Bk                                 
  Cf      ,                       
                                              
  Es                                 
      Fm                                 
L----------+------+-----+-----------------------------------------












-4

()



(), /,

(), ,

,



----------T-----------T----------T--------T-----------T----------
             
                   
           , /  ,              , /  ,    
+---------+-----------+----------+--------+-----------+----------+
    1         2          3       4         5          6    
+---------+-----------+----------+--------+-----------+----------+
H-3       1,0 + 6    1,0 + 9  Cu-64    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Be-7      1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Zn-65    1,0 + 1,            
                                       1,0 + 6             
C-14      1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  Zn-69    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 6  
O-15      1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  Zn-69m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
F-18      1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Ga-72    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Na-22     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Ge-71    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 8  
Na-24     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  As-73    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
Si-31     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  As-74    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
P-32      1,0 + 3    1,0 + 5  As-76    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
P-33      1,0 + 5    1,0 + 8  As-77    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
S-35      1,0 + 5    1,0 + 8  Se-75    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Cl-36     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 6  Br-82    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Cl-38     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Kr-74    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  
Ar-37     1,0 + 6    1,0 + 8  Kr-76    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  
Ar-41     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  Kr-77    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  
K-40      1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Kr-79    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 5  
K-42      1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Kr-81    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
K-43      1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Kr-83m   1,0 + 5    1,0 + 12 
Ca-45     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  Kr-85    1,0 + 5    1,0 + 4  
Ca-47     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  r-85m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 10 
Sc-46     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Kr-87    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  
Sc-47     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Kr-88    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 9  
Sc-48     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Rb-86    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
V-48      1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Sr-85    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Cr-51     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Sr-85m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Mn-51     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Sr-87m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Mn-52     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Sr-89    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
Mn-52m    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Sr-90    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 4  
                               <*>                         
n-53     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 9  Sr-91    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Mn-54     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Sr-92    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Mn-56     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Y-90     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 5  
Fe-52     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Y-91     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
Fe-55     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 6  Y-91m    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Fe-59     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Y-92     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
Co-55     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Y-93     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
Co-56     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Zr-93    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
                               <*>                         
Co-57     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Zr-95    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Co-58     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Zr-97    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
                               <*>                         
Co-58m    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  Nb-93m   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
Co-60     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Nb-94    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Co-60m    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  Nb-95    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Co-61     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Nb-97    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Co-62m    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Nb-98    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Ni-59     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 8  Mo-90    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Ni-63     1,0 + 5    1,0 + 8  Mo-93    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 8  
Ni-65     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Mo-99    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Mo-101    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Xe-133   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 4  
Tc-96     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Xe-135   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 10 
Tc-96m    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Cs-129   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
Tc-97     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 8  Cs-131   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
Tc-97m    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Cs-132   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Tc-99     1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  Cs-134m  1,0 + 3    1,0 + 5  
Tc-99m    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Cs-134   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
Ru-97     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Cs-135   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
Ru-103    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Cs-136   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Ru-105    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Cs-137   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
                               <*>                         
Ru-106    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  Cs-138   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
 <*>                                                       
Rh-103m   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 8  Ba-131   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Rh-105    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Ba-140   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
                               <*>                         
Pd-103    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 8  La-140   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  
Pd-109    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  -139   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Ag-105    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Ce-141   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Ag-110m   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Ce-143   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Ag-111    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  -144   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
                               <*>                         
Cd-109    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 6  r-142   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
Cd-115    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  r-143   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 6  
Cd-115m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  Nd-147   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
In-111    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Nd-149   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
In-112m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Pm-147   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
In-114m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Pm-149   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
In-115m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Sm-151   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 8  
Sn-113    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Sm-153   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Sn-125    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  Eu-152   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Sb-122    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 4  Eu-152m  1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Sb-124    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Eu-154   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Sb-125    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Eu-155   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
-123m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Gd-153   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
-125m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Gd-159   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
-127    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  Tb-160   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
-127m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Dy-165   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
-129    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Dy-166   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
-129m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  No-166   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 5  
Te-131    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  Er-169   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
Te-131m   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Er-171   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
-132    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Tm-170   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
-133    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Tm-171   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 8  
-133m   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Yb-175   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
-134    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  Lu-177   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
I-123     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  Hf-181   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
I-125     1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  -182   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
I-126     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  W-181    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
I-129     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  W-185    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  
I-130     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  W-187    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
I-131     1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Re-186   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
I-132     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Re-188   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
I-133     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Os-185   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
I-134     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Os-191   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
I-135     1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Os-191m  1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
Xe-131m   1,0 + 4    1,0 + 4  Os-193   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Ir-190    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  U-231    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Ir-192    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  U-232    1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
                               <*>                         
Ir-194    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  U-233    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
Pt-191    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  U-234    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
Pt-193m   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  U-235    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
                               <*>                         
Pt-197    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  U-236    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
Pt-197m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  U-237    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Au-198    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  U-238    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
                               <*>                         
Au-199    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  U-.  1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
Hg-197    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  U-239    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  
Hg-197m   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  U-240    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
Hg-203    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  U-240    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
                               <*>                         
Tl-200    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Np-237   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
                                <*>                        
Tl-201    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Np-239   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Tl-202    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Np-240   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  
Tl-204    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 4  Pu-234   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Pb-203    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Pu-235   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 7  
Pb-210    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  Pu-236   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
 <*>                                                       
Pb-212    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Pu-237   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
 <*>                                                       
Bi-206    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Pu-238   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
Bi-207    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Pu-239   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
Bi-210    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  Pu-240   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
Bi-212    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Pu-241   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
 <*>                                                       
Po-203    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Pu-242   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
Po-205    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Pu-243   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  
Po-207    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Pu-244   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
Po-210    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  Am-241   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
At-211    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Am-242   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
Rn-220    1,0 + 4    1,0 + 7  Am-242m  1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
 <*>                           <*>                         
Rn-222    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 8  Am-243   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
 <*>                           <*>                         
Ra-223    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  Cm-242   1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  
 <*>                                                       
Ra-224    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Cm-243   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
 <*>                                                       
Ra-225    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 5  Cm-244   1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  
Ra-226    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  Cm-245   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
 <*>                                                       
Ra-227    1,0 + 2    1,0 + 6  Cm-246   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
Ra-228    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 5  Cm-247   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 4  
 <*>                                                       
Ac-228    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 6  Cm-248   1,0 + 0    1,0 + 3  
Th-226    1,0 + 3    1,0 + 7  Bk-249   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
Th-227    1,0 + 1    1,0 + 4  Cf-246   1,0 + 3    1,0 + 6  
 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 


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